定语从句+宾语从句,初中阶段必备英语语法,初中生需要掌握(初中定语从句宾语从句专题训练)

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定语从句+宾语从句,初中阶段必备英语语法,初中生需要掌握(初中定语从句宾语从句专题训练)

定语从句

在复合句中,用作定语的从句叫定语从句。被定语从句修饰的名词或代词叫先行词。定语从句一般放在先行词的后面,由关系代词或关系副词引导。下面我们结合例句来复习一下初中学过的由关系代词that、which和who引导的定语从句。

1. 关系代词that引导的定语从句,that在从句中作主语或宾语,可以指人,也可以指物。如:

The news that shocked all of us came from Mary. (作主语,指物)

The news that I heard came from Mary. (作宾语,指物)

The boy that came here is Henry\’s son. (作主语,指人)

The child that the woman looked after was suddenly missing. (作宾语,指人)

2. 关系代词which引导的定语从句,which在从句中作主语或宾语,只可以指物。如:

These houses which face south have no trees around them. (作主语,指物)

The film which I saw last night is about a young teacher. (作宾语,指物)

He was reading a book which he was very interested in. (作宾语,指物)

3. 关系代词who引导的定语从句,who只可以指人,who在从句中常作主语。如:

The girl who answered the phone was polite enough. (作主语,指人)

定语从句+宾语从句,初中阶段必备英语语法,初中生需要掌握(初中定语从句宾语从句专题训练)

宾语从句

在复合句中,用作宾语的从句叫宾语从句。引导宾语从句的连接词有that, whether, if, who, whose, what, which, when, where, how, why等。如:

I suggested that he should study art.

Nobody knows whether / if he likes this birthday present.

Do you know who will come this afternoon?

I wonder in whose house the party will be held.

I believe what you said.

Can you tell me which gate we have to go to?

I can\’t tell when he will arrive.

Your coat looks very nice. Could you tell me where you bought it?

Can you please tell me how I can read the new word?

I don\’t know why he is leaving.

定语从句+宾语从句,初中阶段必备英语语法,初中生需要掌握(初中定语从句宾语从句专题训练)

【小试牛刀】

I. 用适当的关系代词补全下面对话。

Tina: Oh, dear! I can\’t find the book 1. ________ I bought yesterday. Do you know who took it away, Eric?

Eric: Yeah! A girl 2. ________ was wearing a red dress took it away.

Tina: Did that girl come to get that book alone?

Eric: No, she came here with a boy 3. ________ was wearing glasses.

Tina: Oh, no! I don\’t know them. Who are they?

II. 选用括号内合适的连接词补全下面短文。

It was the early autumn of my first year at a high school. I didn\’t know 1. ________ (when / how) I could communicate with my new classmates in the right way so I had no friends. I was lonely. Every time I heard my classmates talking and laughing, I felt my heart broken.

One day, I sat there in silence as usual. A boy entered the classroom. I didn’t know 2. ________ (whose / who) he was. He looked at me with a smile. It made me feel warm. That smile changed my life. Day by day, I became closer to everyone in my class. And the boy with the smile became my best friend.

One day, I asked him 3. ________ (where / why) he smiled at me that day. What a pity! He didn\’t remember 4. ________ (if / what) he ever smiled at me that day! It doesn’t matter because all the dark days have gone. Now I believe 5. ________ (that / if ) the world is what you think it is. If you think you are lonely, you might always be alone. So smile at the world and it will smile back.

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